Ambrose Bierce by way of the Rashomon Effect
For those, like me, who had never heard of the Rashomon Effect, it briefly means that, in a court of law (or other situation), the testimony of two witnesses to the same event may vary wildly, be it through intentional manipulation of the facts or simple difference of interpretation.
This term comes from Rashomon, a 1950 film by Akira Kurosawa in which several eyewitnesses to the murder of a Samurai, including the victim himself (by way of a medium), tell the story of how he died. Set in ancient Japan, the sale serves as a morality fable, highlighting the inherent pride and weakness of each of the characters.
The events themselves are gripping enough to keep attention despite the fact that the same story is essentially retold from four points of view–that of the murderer, the wife of the victim, the victim himself and, finally, the man who reported the crime to the police… a man who supposedly only found the body.
This one is undoubtedly a classic, one of those films that stays with you and which, despite the miserable way the characters act for the most part, ends in an upbeat manner. Interesting to see is how overacted it seems compared to equivalent films in the Western canon–whether that is because the film accurately depicts Japanese emotional responses in the era pictured, whether it was an artistic style popular in Japan, or whether it was an artistic license on the part of the director, I don’t know. I did find it a bit distracting… but then, unfamiliar things often grab the attention. There are a few more Japanese films on the 1001 movies list, so I’ll be able to give a more informed opinion moving forward.
One interesting note was that the film was based on a Japanese story which, in its turn was based on a story by Ambrose Bierce. I’m mainly familiar with Bierce’s work via paperback horror and weird fiction anthos, and his link to the film explains the otherwise inexplicable presence of a dead man giving testimony.
Definitely worth watching and an experience which will let you think about the film itself as well as the cultural and literary links surrounding it. Good stuff.
Gustavo Bondoni’s literary fiction, a series of stories that twine together in a similar way as the testimonies in Rashomon, is collected in Love and Death. You can buy it here.