I believe that children are just assessed to gauge their academic strengths and weaknesses. I also believe that most academic testing does not assess “the whole child”. It is unfair to assess a child in only academics and leave out other aspects of their growth and development. However, here in the USA testing is a bedrock of the education system. It works as a commitment to high academic standards and holds schools accountable. It is used to judge the education system and then lawmakers use numbers from the test scores to determine whether the schools are failing or not. Education in Guyana is provided largely by the Guyana Government, through the Ministry of Education in ten different regions of the country.
Guyana’s Education system is a legacy from “British Guiana” and is similar to other countries in the Caribbean Community, which is affiliated with the Caribbean Council Examination CXC. The school curricula, funding standards and other policies are set by the central government. Guyana with 8.3% of its GDP spent on education and its one of the countries with top spending on education. Guyana has a literacy rate of 92% of the population over age 15 even though there is such high literacy there is a lack of employability and other socio- economic disadvantages; this causes the government and charitable agencies to push education as a tool in poverty reduction.
Guyana is one of the highest ranked developing countries in the Education Index of the United Nations Human Development Report. With a score of 0.943 on the Education Index, its overall rank is 37, but ranks third in the Caribbean after Cuba and Barbados, and second in South America after Argentina. According to DFID, Guyana has achieved the Millennium Development Goal of universal primary education, but continues to struggle with the provision of increased access to satisfactory secondary education. As one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere, instruction in Guyana’s schools makes little or no use of instructional technologies such as interactive whiteboards or other multimedia tools. Indeed, many schools are short on basic resources, especially in the areas of science and technology, and this sometimes puts students at a disadvantage when compared to their counterparts in the region.
As part of a continuous effort to tackle inequalities and inefficiencies in the system, the parliament of Guyana has been debating and redrafting the 2007 Education bill. The bill moves Guyana closer to a comprehensive education system, but retains the use of corporal punishment as a disciplinary measure, despite Guyana’s obligations to international conventions such as the UN Rights of the Child.
|Education System in Guyana|
|Primary||Primary School||5–11||6||Education is compulsory for ages 5 to 14.|
|Secondary||CSEC (Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate) Examinations||12–17||2|
|Secondary||CXC Caribbean Advanced Placement Examination (CAPE)||1–2|
Ministry of Education